New York is a winner of the Race to the Top funding initiative sponsored by the federal government. There is a whole host of passionate conversation about what RTTT means for education. I’m going to skip that part of the dialogue for now and focus on what has been going on in New York, and specifically on what has already happened at the state level and the implications for the very near future.
For the past 2 years during the state’s involvement in applying for and winning a RTTT grant, the Board of Regents has actively been implementing parts of what it calls the Regents Reform Agenda (RRA) (sorry for the multiple acronyms – it’s easier to type). The RRA is essentially the plan in place to carry out the items specified in the RTTT application.
One of the components of the RTTT application is an updated performance review process for teachers and administrators. New York had to change its application, which was rejected in the first round, to reflect a more concrete process in which to demonstrate an updated review process. In May of 2010 new law was passed by the legislature – section 103 of the laws of 2010 specifically addresses teacher and principal performance review. The new section of the education law, 3012-c, can be foundÂ here.
The law indicates that teachers and principals must be evaluated on a combination of student performance (40%) and personal performance (60%). Regarding the 60% based on personal performance, the law states, “The remaining percent of the evaluations, ratings and effectiveness scoresÂ shallÂ beÂ locallyÂ developed,Â consistentÂ withÂ theÂ standards prescribed in the regulations of the commissioner, throughÂ negotiations conducted pursuant to article fourteen of the civil service law.” (Section 3012-c(2)(h))
The standards prescribed in the regulations of the commissioner (as mentioned in the law) were just approved by the Board of Regents at the January 2011 meeting. They come in the form of the New York State Teaching Standards. There are seven standards, with underlying elements and performance indicators, that outline the skills necessary for teachers. These standards were designed so rubrics for performance could be developed. The work group putting together the teaching standards stopped short of developing specific rubrics, as there are other groups working on that right now. For a list of FAQs surrounding the development of the standards, click here:Â Teaching Standards Q&A
Here is the full document with the newly adopted NYS Teaching Standards:Â New York State Teaching Standards
So in the age of technology and its use in the classroom, where does New York State stand in terms of what teachers should be doing with technology? One of the questions from the Q&A document provides some light:
Q. Is there a separate standard for a teacher’s use of technology?
A. The ability of educators to use a variety of technological tools, techniques, andÂ Â skills to inform and enhance teaching, learning, and other aspects of Â professional performance is crucial to their effectiveness in todayâ€™s learningÂ environment. Â Since technology is such a prevalent factor in todayâ€™s world andÂ is included in so many aspects of teaching and student learning, a decision wasÂ made to infuse technology throughout all of the Standards rather than to isolateÂ it in a single Standard. Â Therefore, references to the use of technologicalÂ resources, knowledge, and skills are found throughout the Teaching StandardsÂ ( e.g. Elements I.6; Â II.6; Â III.4; Â III.5; etc. ).
Technology, or technologies, is referenced 11 times within the standards – below are the specific references. Take a look and see what you think. Please note that I am only showing any mention of technology. Some of the items items are elements within standards, and some are performance indicators within elements.
- Teachers demonstrate knowledge and understanding of technological andÂ information literacy and how they affect student learning.
- Teachers use technological tools and a variety of communicationÂ strategies to engage each student.
- Teachers incorporate a knowledge and understanding of technologyÂ in their lessons to enhance student learning.
- Teachers explore and use a variety of instructional approaches, resources,Â and technologies to meet diverse learning needs, engage students, andÂ promote achievement.
- Teachers incorporate instructional approaches and technologies toÂ provide students with opportunities to demonstrate mastery ofÂ learning outcomes.
- Teachers engage students in the development of multidisciplinary skills, suchÂ as communication, collaboration, critical thinking, and use of technology.
- Students utilize technologies and resources to solve real worldÂ problems.
- Teachers organize and utilize available resources (e.g., physical space, time,Â people, technology) to create a safe and productive learning environment.
- Teachers ensure that all students have equitable access to availableÂ resources and technologies.
- Teachers use multiple measures and multiple formats, includingÂ available technology, to assess and document student performance.
- Teachers advocate, model, and manage safe, legal, and ethical useÂ of information and technology, including respect for intellectualÂ property and the appropriate documentation of sources.
I like the fact that technology is not a separate standard, as it needs to be used as a tool. I like the fact that ethical use is specifically mentioned. I like the statement, “students utilize technologies and resources to solve real-world problems.” As a matter of fact, I think every statement included in the standards related to technology is excellent.
I wonder how this is going to play out. Since the annual professional performance review (APPR) is a locally-negotiated item, how will these standards come into play when the review document is created? According to the state, there are a number of pilots underway right now to test various types of rubrics to support the standards. As with any measure of professional performance, the meat and value of the review will come with the details of how the measurement is done.
The new New York State Teaching Standards represents a top-down model for improving teaching and learning, motivated by the Race to the Top initiative. We are going to spend a lot of time transforming current systems to this new model – I hope it’s worth the time and effort.